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When you say “Jarov”

Location: green area near the Kněžská luka tram stop (direction: city centre) 

Jarov is a part of Žižkov between the eastern part of Koněvova and the old railway link to the Žižkov  Freight Yard (Nákladové nádraží Žižkov). In 1914, the Jarov housing cooperative built a colony of 26 family homes here. The colony and the area eastwards therefrom belonged to Prague XI-Hrdlořezy, district Žižkov, until 1949. The name “Jarov“ was also used in the titles of other buildings and institutions to appear in the area, e.g. an elementary school, the Jarov prefab housing estate with 1740 apartments to the design of J. Kvasnička of the Prague Design Institute, completed in 1959–1963 over an area of 22 hectares. The estate includes the student dormitories of the Prague University of Economics and Business which border on the Židovské pece (Jewish Ovens), the second largest park of Prague 3 after the Vítkov Hill Park. This park, of approximately 7 ha, occupies the eastern part of Žižkov to the north of the Žižkov Freight Yard. It boasts multiple playgrounds, even a traffic park; another popular spot is the picnic site. In the Jilmová Street, below the most elevated part of the park, there is a small venue of the Czech Proof House for Arms and Ammunition which has resided here since its establishment back in 1891. The south side of the elongated park is gently sloping down towards the Malešická Street and the residential blocks at Vackov. The origins of the “Jewish Ovens” name are unknown. According to certain sources, there might have been caves here wherein Jews could hide during pogroms. However, what is proved by evidence is that there used to be an execution site here, transferred from the original Gallows Hill (Šibeniční vrch – above the present junction U Bulhara) in 1836. The last execution took place at the Jewish Ovens in 1866, the condemned was one Václav Fiala sentenced for the murder of his lover whom he stabbed to death. There probably used to be vineyards here, too, as one of the old maps notes that a part of the hill with the mark of the Execution Site was under the management of the Vineyard Office in 1841.

Prague 3 also includes a small section of Strašnice by its border with Žižkov (industrial and warehousing units of Tesla Strašnice and Pramen Praha, and the tennis courts in Třebešín). Třebešín is the name of a long hill and villa district located in the northern part of Strašnice to the north of the Počernická Street. Eastwards, it adjoins the Malešice Estate; northwards, it runs along the ex-Žižkov Freight Yard and westwards, along the Olšany Cemeteries. The name “Třebešín” also features in some street names, i.e. Na Třebešíně, Nad Třebešínem I–III, Pod Třebešínem and Za Třebešínem, and in the names of schools – vocational school, industrial school, university sports grounds and Velodrome. The Velodrome Třebešín is the approximate spot of Prague 3’s highest point (274 m above sea level). The only part of Žižkov belonging to the Metropolitan District of Prague 10 is the Hagibor Social Care Facility.

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